Philip VI

(1294-1350) (Philippe de Valois)
   king of France
   King of France (1328-50) and the first monarch of the Valois dynasty, Philip VI de Valois was born in Nogent-le-Roi, the son of Charles de Valois and Margaret of Sicily, the nephew of King Philip IV the Fair. He married Jeanne of Burgundy and, when King Charles IV died without issue, he was recognized as king by the barons of the kingdom. The barons had rejected Philippe d'Evreux (also a nephew of Philip IV), and especially Edward III of England, grandson, through his mother, of Philip IV. Philip VI was closer because he was the oldest of the claimants as well as a French prince. He recognized the rights to Navarre of Philippe d'Evreux's wife, jeanne de navarre, the daughter of Louis X of France (1328). The campaign that Philip VI undertook in Flanders to support his vassal, count Louis de Nevers, against his rebellious subjects ended with his victory at Cassel (1328). Edward III gave him homage for Gascony and Guyenne in 1329, but in 1337, dissatisfied with Philip's encroachments in Guyenne and his intrigues with his Scottish enemies, Edward rose against Philip and renewed his claim to the French throne. This marked the beginning of the hundred years' war. Edward III, allied with the Holy Roman Emperor Louis of Bavaria, and especially with Flanders, won the naval battle at L'Ecluse (1340) and subsequently invaded France (1346). Defeated at Crécy (1346), Philip concluded a treaty after the fall of Calais (1347). Besides the war, his reign was marked by a grave economic crisis, famines, and the great plague (1348) that ravaged Europe. He enlarged the royal domains by the additions of the counties of Valois, Chartres, Maine, and Anjou, and by the purchase of Dauphiné and Montpellier (1349). Philip VI was the father of King jean ii.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Philip II — • King of Spain (1527 1598) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Philip II     Philip II (Augustus)      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PHILIP° — PHILIP°, name of six kings of France. PHILIP II or PHILIP AUGUSTUS, king of France from 1180 to 1223. All Philip s biographers agree that he detested the Jews, an attitude formed by stories he had heard in his childhood about Jews murdering… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Philip I — may refer to:* Philip I of Macedon (ruled 640–602 BC) * Philip the Arab (c. 204–249), Roman Emperor * Philip I of France (1052–1108) * Philip I of Navarre and IV of France (1268–1314) * Philip I of Taranto (1278–1332) * Philip I, Duke of Burgundy …   Wikipedia

  • Philip II — may refer to:* Philip II of Macedon (382 ndash;336 BC) * Philip II of France (1165 ndash;1223) * Philip II of Navarre and V of France (1293 ndash;1322) * Philip II of Taranto (1329 ndash;1374) * Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (1342 ndash;1404) *… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip — Philip1 [fil′ip] n. [L Philippus < Gr Philippos, lit., fond of horses < philos, loving + hippos, horse] 1. a masculine name: dim. Phil; var. Phillip; equiv. L. Philippus, Fr. Philippe, Ger. Philipp, It. Filippo, Sp. Felipe; fem. Philippa 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Philip — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Philip hace referencia a: Philip Glass, compositor estadounidense; Philip Kaufman, Director de cine estadounidense; Philip Showalter Hench, médico, Premio Nobel de Medicina o Fisiología en 1950; Philip Sidney, poeta… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Philip V — may refer to:* Philip V of Macedon (221–179 BC) * Philip V of France (1293–1322) * Philip II of Spain, also Philip V, Duke of Burgundy (1526–1598) * Philip V of Spain (1683–1746) …   Wikipedia

  • Philip IV — may refer to:* Philip IV of Macedon (died 297 BC) * Philip IV of France (1268–1314) * Philip IV, Duke of Burgundy and I of Castile, the Handsome (1478–1506) * Philip IV of Spain and III of Portugal (1605–1665) …   Wikipedia

  • Philip VI — may refer to:* Philip VI of France (1293–1350) * Philip VI, Duke of Burgundy and III of Spain (1578–1621) * A possible regnal name of Felipe, Prince of Asturias of Spain …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Ma — Ching Yeung (* 1. Mai 1963, Hongkong) ist ein hongkong chinesischer Autorennfahrer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Karriere 2 Karrierestationen 3 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip — Philip, SD U.S. city in South Dakota Population (2000): 885 Housing Units (2000): 424 Land area (2000): 0.579285 sq. miles (1.500340 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.579285 sq. miles (1.500340… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.